Understanding The Different Types Of Nursing Specialties

Types Of Nursing Specialties in the UK

To qualify as a specialised nurse, obtaining a nursing degree is essential. You can opt for a general nursing degree before specialising or pursuing a degree in your desired field. Before commencing your studies, assessing factors such as the job environment, duties, and job prospects in the particular sector is crucial. Experienced nurses often retrain to explore diverse opportunities, showcasing the medical industry’s versatility. You can switch to a different career path at any stage of your nursing career, provided you’re committed to learning the speciality’s theory. 

We’ve compiled a list of the most prevalent nursing specialities in the UK and their job scope to help you make an informed decision:

1. Certified Midwife Nurses have a rewarding role in nursing, ideal for individuals with compassion and empathy. Their job is to care for pregnant women and babies during childbirth and postpartum. Apart from monitoring health, they also guide newborn care, making them the first point of contact for expectant parents. To become a midwife, you can opt for a full-time three-year midwifery degree or shorter programs if you’re already a qualified nurse. For more details on the job responsibilities of midwife nurses, visit the Prospects website.

2. Neonatal nursing is an ideal career choice for those interested in caring for newborns and who prefer working in one hospital. Specialised care is given by neonatal nurses to premature or ill infants who are located in a neonatal or special care unit for babies. This role includes administering medication, monitoring the baby’s progress, and supporting parents during stressful times. Neonatal nurses should expect to work varying shifts, day and night, as these babies require round-the-clock care. They work alongside midwives and dieticians to ensure optimal health before the baby’s discharge. For a detailed description of the neonatal Nurse’s typical day, visit the NHS North Bristol website, where registered nurse Amy shares her experience.

3. A nurse who specialises in caring for children, commonly referred to as a Pediatric Nurse, works with patients below 18 years old and offers various career opportunities and job flexibility. Paediatric nurses are responsible for assessing a child’s needs, matching them with the appropriate level of care, and monitoring their condition, including vital signs and medication administration. Given each child’s unique circumstances, nurses must consider multiple factors such as medical history, development, and family circumstances, often leading to challenging situations. Communication with neonatal units is crucial as parents require constant updates on their child’s condition. The paediatric nursing field provides a stepping stone to various specialities.

4. To work as a critical care nurse, it is necessary to have significant experience in the nursing field, so it is not a job you can expect to pursue early in your career. After becoming a registered nurse, additional training is required to gain the knowledge and skills to make critical, timely decisions in high-pressure situations. Patients in critical care often have life-threatening conditions and require constant monitoring and specialised treatments.

As a nurse in critical care, your duties will involve providing holistic patient care, which includes conducting detailed assessments and examinations. You should be at ease with performing invasive procedures, like placing arterial lines. Additionally, you will collaborate with other medical professionals, including surgeons and intensive care physicians, throughout your shift to ensure the patient receives optimal care.

5. A psychiatric nurse plays a vital role in supporting patients dealing with mental health issues. Although the job can be challenging, it provides an excellent opportunity to impact patients’ lives positively. Unlike working with different patients daily, a psychiatric nurse can build relationships with individuals, gain their trust, and understand their situation precisely, including identifying specific triggers and intervening in advance.

As a psychiatric nurse, you can work in various settings, including psychiatric wards in hospitals, prisons, and community centres. Additionally, you may need to visit parents’ homes to offer support.

6. Orthopaedic nursing is a great career option for those who prefer a less fast-paced work environment. The primary duty as an orthopaedic nurse is to assist patients in their recovery from surgery or injury. You will work closely with patients, fitting casts, splints, and dressings to aid their recovery and get them back to their daily lives as soon as possible. Being positive and confident is crucial in reassuring and advising your patients.

Apart from providing patient care, your job as a healthcare professional may include administrative tasks such as record-keeping and paperwork to monitor the patient’s recovery progress. You may also have to procure additional supplies and resources to ensure that you can offer optimal care.

7. A sought-after nursing position that can be intriguing is that of a theatre nurse. You will play a crucial role in each patient’s surgical process as a theatre nurse, working collaboratively with a variety of medical experts, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, and healthcare scientists. Your daily tasks will involve guiding patients through four perioperative phases:

  • Preoperative – Here, you will assess the patient and inform them about the surgery, its benefits, and risks while addressing any concerns they may have.
  • Anaesthetics – Your task will involve supporting the anaesthetist and arranging the required tools for the procedure.
  • Surgery – In this stage, you will ready and furnish the necessary tools to the surgeon based on their needs.
  • Recovery – You will help the patient recover by closely monitoring their condition and delivering essential care in the post-anaesthesia care unit.

8. A geriatric nurse position provides a chance to work with elderly patients in different settings, such as hospitals, hospices, care homes, and outpatient departments. You’ll need to communicate effectively with healthcare professionals, including GPs, social workers, and carers, and have a positive attitude to build rapport with patients who may be anxious about ageing. It’s crucial to encourage patients to adhere to their medication regimen and promptly address any concerns to keep them healthy. You can find more information on what to expect as a geriatric nurse at Every Nurse.

9. The role of a respiratory nurse is to provide continuous care for patients with various acute or chronic respiratory conditions to prevent their health from worsening. They will closely monitor the patient’s condition, keep track of any changes, and ensure they are aware of the symptoms. Afterwards, respiratory nurses will develop a treatment plan, which could include medication or devices to assist breathing. As with other nursing specialities, respiratory nurses may work in various settings such as hospitals, clinics, private offices or assisted living facilities.

10. As a cardiology nurse, you will work alongside a team of specialists focused on the treatment of cardiovascular conditions, which may involve surgery, medication, or lifestyle changes. One of your key responsibilities will be to keep track of patients’ medical histories and perform diagnostic tests to identify any underlying problems. You will also spend time with patients and their families to help them understand the nature of their condition and what to expect in the future.

Apart from caring for patients with a confirmed diagnosis, you will also be responsible for looking after those who have recently experienced a heart attack or are in recovery from surgery. After their recovery, you will work with patients to develop a plan for maintaining their health and making changes to their daily routine to improve their cardiovascular health. This could involve scheduling regular assessments.

Discovering Your Ideal Nursing Specialty: 

Working in healthcare can be highly fulfilling, and as a nurse, there are countless avenues through which you can positively affect your patients’ lives. You will have ample opportunities to advance your career, and many exciting possibilities exist for branching out into new roles through training and education.

About Author: 

Mark Edmonds is a prominent nursing assignment help provider at Academic Assignments, offering students the best quality medical assignment help. He is an expert in understanding the different types of nursing specialities. Mark advises aspiring nurses to choose a nursing degree that suits their interests and career goals. He recommends assessing the job environment, duties, and prospects before deciding on a specialisation. Mark has compiled a list of the most prevalent nursing specialities in the UK and their job scope, which includes certified midwife nurses, neonatal nursing, critical care nursing,paediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing, orthopaedic nursing, theatre nursing, and geriatric nursing. He emphasises that nurses can switch to a different career path at any stage, provided they’re committed to learning the speciality’s theory.